Archbishop de Freney

The Marsh of Rhuddlan

The ancient and sorrowful melody known as
Morfa Rhuddlan commemorates the savage defeat of the Welsh by the Saxons at a battle at Rhuddlan Marsh in 795.


Over Eryri the setting sun __
__flashes
Night's curtain closes o'er
__moorland and lea
Now not a breath stirs the
__shadowy ashes
Far, far away falls the sight
__of the sea.
Yet every patriot pulse in my
__body
Knocks at the door of my
__passionate heart
While Rhuddlan Marsh in
__thy battlefield bloody
Cursed of the Cymru,
__again I take part.

. . . . . . . .

"Having crossed the river Conwy, or rather an arm of the sea, under Deganwy, leaving the Cistercian monastery of Conwy on the western bank of the river to our right hand, we arrived at Ruthlan, a noble castle on the river Cloyd, belonging to David, the eldest son of Owen, where, at the earnest invitation of David himself, we were handsomely entertained that night."

"There is a spring not far from Ruthlan, in the province of Tegengel, which not only regularly ebbs and flows like the sea, twice in twenty-four hours, but at other times frequently rises and falls both by night and day."

"Many persons in the morning having been persuaded to dedicate themselves to the service of Christ, we proceeded from Ruthlan to the small cathedral church of Lanelwy: from whence (the archbishop having celebrated mass) we continued our journey through a country rich in minerals of silver, where money is sought in the bowels of the earth, to the little cell of Basinwerk, where we passed the night."

Giraldus Cambrensis
(Gerald of Wales) describing his journey around Wales with Archbishop Baldwin in 1188, from Itinerarium Cambriae, 1191
.

A history of Rhuddlan

Summary of dates

7,000 BC
Mesolithic settlement.

c.785
Construction of Offa's Dyke, near modern-day Prestatyn, marking the first effective Welsh-English border.

796
Battle of Morfa Rhuddlan. Saxon victory, under Offa, King of Mercia over King Caradog ap Meirion.

921
Anglo-Saxon Cledemutha founded by Edward the Elder.

1021
Castle built by Llywelyn ap Seisyll after he invaded north Wales and slain Aeddan ap Blegywryd, Prince of Gwynedd and his four sons in 1018. He was assassinated shortly afterwards.

1063
Gruffydd ap Llywelyn's settlement at Rhuddlan destroyed by Harold.

1066-87
Silver coins minted at Rhuddlan in the reign of William the Conqueror.

1073
Construction of motte and bailey castle at Twt Hill by Norman Lord,
Robert of Rhuddlan.

1075
Gruffydd ap Cynan captures bailey of Robert's castle, but fails to take the mound.

1086
Rhuddlan was recorded in the Domesday Book as Roeland.

c.1150
Rhuddlan captured by Owain Gwynedd.

1157
Rhuddlan recaptured by the English.

1167
Rhuddlan recaptured by Owain Gwynedd after a three month siege.

1216-72
Silver coins minted at Rhuddlan in the reign of Henry III.

1241
Rhuddlan captured by English under Henry III.

1254
Grant to Edward, the King's son, of Ireland, the Earldom of Chester (including Rhuddlan), the King's lands in Wales, the Channel Islands and Gascony.

1258
Dominican Priory, Rhuddlan, founded in or before 1258, dissolved 1538.

1267
Treaty of Montgomery: Llywelyn ap Gruffydd receives Rhuddlan and the four border cantrefs.

King Edward I of England
1270-4

Edward absent on Crusade; succeeds to the English crown as Edward I in November 1272.

1277
Edward I's first Welsh war; Llywelyn ap Gruffydd surrenders at Rhuddlan.

1277-82
Construction of Rhuddlan Castle and new town.

1277-80
Work in progress on canalising and deepening of River Clwyd, 'The Great Ditch' by 968 navvies.

Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Queen Eleanor, Eleanor of Castille
1282, 7 August
Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, also known as Elizabeth Plantagenet born at Rhuddlan Castle, daughter of King Edward I and Queen Eleanor.

1282
Edward I's second Welsh war and death of Llywelyn.

1282
Legend has it that Llywelyn's severed head was brought to Edward I at Rhuddlan.

1284
Statute of Wales (Statute of Rhuddlan) proclaimed at Rhuddlan.

1301
St. Mary's Parish Church founded.

1399
King Richard II imprisoned at Rhuddlan Castle.

1400-10
Rising of Owain Glyndŵr.

1536
Acts of Union: Welsh shires represented in English Parliament. Rhuddlan in County of Flintshire.

1538
Dissolution of the Dominican Priory by Henry VIII.

1595
A bridge with two arches rebuilt over the River Clwyd showing the crest of Bishop William Hughes, Bishop of St. Asaph.

1646
Civil War: Rhuddlan Castle surrendered to Parliamentarians.

1648
Rhuddlan Castle rendered untenable.

1672
Banquet House built.

1806
The Rhuddlan Base Measurement of 'The Principal Triangulation of Great Britain' by Ordnance Survey

1850
Eisteddfod Rhuddlan.
Ieuan Glan Geirionydd's ode - Cyflafan Morfa Rhuddlan.

1858, 5 October
Vale of Clwyd Railway opened to passengers.

1896
Current spelling of Rhuddlan officially used.

1914-18
First World War - the following laid down their lives -
Reginald Davies; Archibald Edwards; Glyn A. Edwards; Percy Evans;
John W. Frost; Ivor Griffiths; Richard Griffiths; John Ingleby; David Jones;
John E. Jones; John O. Jones; Joseph Jones; Thomas Jones;
Joseph W. Parry; Robert P. Pritchard; G.S. Rowley-Conwy;
Noel C. Sarson; Richard H. Williams; Robert Williams; Thomas Williams; Thomas Wynne; W.H. Williams.

Philip Jones Griffiths
1936

Philip Jones Griffiths,
photographer, born in Rhuddlan.

1939-45
Second World War - the following laid down their lives -
John Anwyl; Edward Evans; Harry Griffiths; Geoffrey Hirst; Harold H. Jones;
Charles Randles; David Lloyd Roberts; Hesketh Lloyd Roberts;
Alexander Spence; George Staley; Eyton Williams; Noel Wynne;
T. Jones; C. Schofield.

1947
Work of conservation started.

1955
Railway closed to passengers.

1976
Rhuddlan in County of Clwyd.

1996
Rhuddlan in County of Denbighshire.

2008
Philip Jones Griffiths died.

19 March 2011
Rhuddlan Local Nature Reserve officially opened by Raymond Fagan.

13 August 2014
A slate plaque commerorating the birthplace of Philip Jones Griffiths
(1936-2008), a worldwide renowned photojournalist, unveiled at Monfa.


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Rhuddlan Mint

1190 King Richard I
and King John Coin

St. Mary's
Parish Church

Morfa Rhuddlan -
Trans Celtic Gala

Morfa Rhuddlan - tune

Twthill

Dominican Priory

James of St. George

Bodrhyddan Hall

Hue de Rotelande

Reconstruction of
Rhuddlan Castle c.1282

Gillot's Tower

Criccin Cross

Thomas Pennant,
A Journey to Snowdon,
1781

Rhuddlan Castle event
c.1949 (iMovie)

World War 2 (iMovie)

Magnum – Philip Jones Griffiths

Philip Jones Griffiths
Philip Jones Griffiths
1936-2008 -
from Rhuddlan Sunday
school to
Vietnam War
photographer

Philip Jones Griffiths'
Vietnam War photographs

Y Berfeddwlad

Cantref

Hanged, drawn and quartered

Deceangli

Kingdom of Gwynedd

Gerald of Wales / Giraldus Cambrensis

Dafydd ab Owain Gwynedd

Rhuddlan - tune -
Judge eternal, throned in splendour

John Evans (1770-1851)
land surveyor, schoolmaster
and musician

Anian II, (d.1293), Prior of the
Dominican Convent

Pedr Alaw (Peter Edwards)
(1854-1934) musician

Owain Alaw Pencerdd
(John Owen)
(1821-1883) prize winner
Rhuddlan Eisteddfod, 1850

Idris Fychan (John Jones)
(1825-1887) prize winner
Rhuddlan Eisteddfod, 1850

Gwrgant (William Jones)
(1803-1886) adjudicator
Rhuddlan Eisteddfod,1850

Roger Lestrange (d.1311)
Justice in Rhuddlan, 1278

Maps of the history of Wales

Rhuddlan pennies

c.1205 King John short cross penny

John Elias: Exodus 34.21

Treasure Island
Treasure Island
- Long John Silver
Owen & John Lloyd

Commote

The Trial of the Pyx

El Alamein Snapshots

Friar William de Freney

Friar William de Freney, wearing his
full regalia as Titular Archbishop of Rages,
now in present-day Edessa (Şanlıurfa), Turkey.

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